McKinsey writes that the pandemic has exposed “fault lines in private markets: deal leverage recently reached a new high, and multiples paid in recent months reached a multiyear high." What will recovery look like for PE?
The situation was in part caused by too many PE firms having an enormous amount of “dry powder” to invest (about $900 billion). The recovery will be gradual, and the returns for investments already made could be much lower than in the past.
One positive consequence will be the PE industry’s return to a more traditional investment approach; namely, paying a reasonable multiple for a company, applying financial and operating expertise, selling the company and achieving a net IRR that is meaningfully higher than investing in public equities during the same period. In this reshaping process, investors will reward PE firms that remained disciplined during the overheated years.
How should PE firms be responding to Covid-19?
A PE firm should reach out to each of its portfolio companies to guide them through this difficult time. Each portfolio company should be asked to stress test its balance sheet and operations to evaluate the impact of a protracted downturn/recession, and determine whether it could withstand a 40 to 50 percent decline in revenue in 2020.
What’s the best piece of advice you’ve heard during the crisis?
Do not underestimate the length of the economic downturn/recession and be sure each of your companies has adequate liquidity. Where appropriate, draw down credit lines to create cash reserves.
Is there a repercussion or effect from Covid-19 you’re surprised isn’t getting more attention?
There will be significant, negative, long-term effects of the magnitude of government debt that is being created—and more is coming. As a result, government will have an ever increasing role in all of our lives and this needs to be carefully managed. Deficit financing carries with it a very real risk. When interest rates rise, the cost of this debt will be significant.
Are there similarities with historic events here? Does this feel like a more accelerated version of previous crashes or is it uncharted territory?
Except perhaps for the Depression, we have not experienced anything like this in previous “crashes”; in part because this has involved a complete shutdown of the world economy. That was not the case in the 1970s, 1980s, 1990s, or in 2008. Specifically, there could be a 30 to 35 percent decline in GDP in the second quarter and it could remain for the rest of this year. Even before Covid-19, I thought it was likely that we would have a recession in 2021.
Has the move to remote working been seamless for Aurora, or has it required some fine tuning?
It has been relatively seamless. After the experience of 2008, we adopted a “disaster recovery plan.” We took immediate action in line with the directive from the Governor of California. All staff were provided remote access to enable them to work as efficiently as possible from home to keep them safe.
Do well-managed companies welcome or resist the management partnership Aurora offers?
Bringing operating talent to a company is welcomed by management. However, the executives we bring need to provide a light, but effective, touch or they will be resisted. My close friend and partner, Larry Bossidy, the former CEO of Honeywell, is a perfect example of how positive an operating executive can be in Private Equity. He chaired a number of companies for us, several of which faced stress in the economy. In each instance, the executives welcomed his advice, operations significantly improved, and we realized outstanding returns.